Conclusion & references


Blindness from DR is now largely preventable with timely detection and appropriate interventional therapy. Routine, repetitive, lifelong, and expert clinical retinal examination is essential for patients with diabetes. Since diabetes mellitus is a systemic disease, the optimal management is complex and requires a multi-disciplinary healthcare team-based approach. DR represents a substantial public health problem that needs improving primary and secondary prevention programs.


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Disclaimer: This document contains information based on published scientific articles and is for educational purposes only. It is in no way intended as a substitute for qualified medical professional help, advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Contributors: Katia Marazova, PhD (January 2011), Dr Jean-François Girmens, CHNO des Quinze-Vingts, Paris
Credit: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health